Acne is a common skin disorder that can affect the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. It occurs with variable severity not only in teenagers, but also in adults. Many prescription treatments for acne are available, as well as a new laser-based one.
Actinic Keratoses are pre-cancerous lesions caused by excessive exposure to UV light from indoor tanning or light from the sun. They usually appear as dry, scaly, rough lesions in sun exposed areas. If left untreated, some actinic keratosis may turn into squamous cell skin cancer. Common treatment options include: cryosurgery, photodynamic therapy, and topical chemotherapy.
Benign Skin Lesions
This includes lesions such as cherry angiomas, seborrheic keratoses, and milia. Cherry angiomas are bright red lesions that are composed of a proliferation of blood vessels. Seborrheic keratoses are pigmented rough bumps that often have a warty surface and appear as if they are stuck on the surface of the skin. Milia are white firm bumps that often occur on the face of adults.
Contact dermatitis is characterized by a rash and itching that occurs after the skin is exposed to a substance that one may be sensitive or allergic to. Common causes are nickel, rubber additives, dyes, preservatives, fragrances, and poison ivy.
Eczema is a common inflammatory skin condition characterized by dry, scaly patches on the skin that are very itchy. It can occur in patients with a personal or family history of asthma or allergies. Often, it is present at birth and can start as scaly patches on the cheeks of a newborn.
Folliculitis is an inflammation of the hair follicle. Folliculitis is commonly caused by bacteria or yeast.
There are a variety of yeast and fungi that can cause skin and nail infections. Fungal infection of the nails is termed onychomycosis. Fungal cultures and skin biopsies can be performed to diagnose these infections. Both topical and oral antifungal medications are available for treatment.
Many conditions, diseases, and improper hair care can result in hair loss. While daily shedding is normal, people who notice their hair shedding or “falling out” in excessive amounts should consult a dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Herpes is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) and it can cause painful eruptions around the mouth, nose, genital area, and buttocks. Herpes infection often recurs and has a predilection for the same location. The herpes family virus that causes chicken pox can also cause shingles. Herpes zoster is the medical term for shingles, and it usually starts with a painful tingling sensation followed by the eruption of blisters in a linear or grouped array. The virus is very contagious in the active stages, and treatment should be sought immediately.
Hyperhidrosis is a medical condition in which a person sweats excessively and unpredictably. Hyperhidrosis most commonly affects the underarms, palms, and soles, although it can occur on any body surface. It is caused by overactive sweat glands which may be triggered by an increase in temperature, emotions, anxiety, or other factors. Treatments include topical prescription antiperspirants, oral anticholinergic drugs, and BOTOX®.
A keloid is an inappropriate healing response to trauma whereby thick, firm scars are formed. They are benign lesions that are often associated with itching and sometimes pain. Treatments include intralesional corticosteroid injections and surgical correction.
Melasma is an acquired brown pigmentation of the skin most commonly involving the face. It occurs in predisposed women, occasionally in men, and is thought to arise from a hormonal imbalance. It is common in women taking oral contraceptives, during pregnancy, or while going through menopause. Treatment involves the use of prescription skin bleaching creams, sun avoidance, and medical strength chemical peels.
Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection that presents as small skin-colored to pink bumps on the skin. It is spread by autoinoculation, scratching, and touching and considered highly contagious. It can occur at any age. Children tend to develop the lesions on the face, upper trunk, and extremities. In adults, lesions often appear on the abdomen, genital area, and thighs, and are considered a sexually transmitted disease if lesions are found in these areas. Treatment options include cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen, cantharone application, and curettage.
Nail problems constitute up to 10% of all dermatologic conditions. Nail growth is affected by disease, nutrition, medications, trauma, chronic illness, fever, and the aging process. If you see a change in color, texture, shape, or thickness of your nails, follow up with a dermatologist for evaluation.
Pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB) is the medical term for razor bumps. It is most common in men, on the face in the beard area. It is also common in those who have curly hair. After the hair is shaved, the sharp ends of the hair curl back into the skin and cause an inflammatory reaction. The bumps that form can often get infected and occasionally cause scarring.
Psoriasis is a common, chronic, inflammatory disease with predominantly skin and joint involvement. It is characterized by patches of raised, red skin covered with a silvery-white scale. There are various forms of psoriasis and a variety of treatment options are available.
Rosacea is a common disorder of the facial skin that presents as flushing, persistent redness, development of acne-like lesions, and visible blood vessels. Common rosacea triggers include sun exposure, emotional stress, hot weather, cold weather, wind, overheating, alcohol consumption, and intake of spicy foods. Both medical and cosmetic treatments are available for rosacea.
This is an extremely common skin disorder which can cause your scalp, sides of your nose, eyebrows and skin behind your ears to become red, flaky, itchy, and easily irritated. Seborrheic dermatitis is often called cradle cap when it is present on the scalp of a newborn. It is thought to involve the overgrowth of a common yeast. While some over-the-counter products can be somewhat helpful, we will often recommend prescription shampoos and topicals to help alleviate the itching and excessive flaking.
There are multiple types of skin cancer. Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer in the United States. It occurs on areas of chronic sun exposure such as the face, scalp, neck, and upper body. Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) is another type of skin cancer that also occurs on sun exposed areas. Malignant Melanoma is a very serious skin cancer because it can metastasize or spread to other parts of the body. Melanomas usually present as darkly pigmented lesions with a highly irregular appearance. Some moles can progress into melanomas and therefore, if you notice any changes in your existing moles, you should make an appointment for evaluation. The best way to prevent skin cancer is by wearing sun protective clothing, using a sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30, and getting a yearly skin exam.
These benign lesions commonly present on the neck, underarms, breasts, and inner thighs. They are genetic in nature and can be irritated by necklaces and undergarments. Due to their benign nature, removal is considered cosmetic.
Urticaria, also known as hives, is a skin rash associated with itchy red, raised bumps. Typically, the individual lesions last less than 24 hours. Insect bites, allergic reactions to foods or drugs, and physical contact with certain things may cause an urticarial eruption. Often, it is difficult to determine the exact cause of urticaria. Treatment involves antihistamine medications.
These growths are caused by a virus called the Human Papilloma Virus or HPV. Several different kinds of warts exist, including those that occur on the hands, feet, and genital area. Transmission is by simple contact. Treatment options vary based on the type and location of the wart and include topical prescription medications, cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen, cantharone application, electrodessication, and intralesional Bleomycin.